About Informal Language Learning for Migrants: From Class to Life

Obstacles To Access Formal Education for Migrants

  • Absence of the documents required for enrolment
  • Differences in programs / grades / degrees
  • Financial issues
  • Language barrier
  • Being unaware of the rights and possibilities (life settlement) 
  • Being unaware of learning opportunities
  • Age restrictions 
  • Family settlement (different ages, various needs)

Migrants’ Needs for Language Learning

  • Flexibility of teaching hours;
  • Flexibility of teaching content;
  • Intensiveness of the program;
  • Prime Focuss on Every Day language needs;
  • Tailoring the language – a skill to get & apply immediately;
  • Pointed language (situational); 
  • From class to life immediately;
  • Individual approach defined by the age, mother tongue, purpose, etc

Adding to the Specifics of the Adult Language Teaching

  • Resistance to learning in groups;
  • Resistance to using language in public;
  • Insisting on their own ways of learning and resistance to new methods and techniques; 
  • Seeking for conversational methods of learning rather than those structured in textbooks;
  • Wishing to have more possibilities for giving a way to their own ideas (e.g. practicing the knowledge they already have, choosing their ways of learning, etc);
  • Personal relations between a teacher and a student are of big importance 

Alternative Language Teaching

  • Individual + Discussion group classes
  • Multinational groups and teachers – a need to speak the new language;
  • Adjusting the content and curriculum according to the students’ learning pace, current life situation, and target of learning

Teaching Strategies

  • Combination of individual classes with practicing and training in small groups;
  • Drilling the language patterns and their immediate application into real conversation;
  • Connecting / comparing new language with the known languages;
  • Minimum theories and rules;
  • Language dosed;
  • Modeling situations;
  • Discussing experiences;
  • Peer assistance

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